Each year in Jagannath Puri, three enormous chariots are built anew for Lord Jagannatha, Balarama and Subhardra. Over 1,000 logs are brought from the Dasapalla and Ranpur forests, and more than 100 carpenters work for two months constructing the three chariots. A local mill provides nearly 2,000 meters of cloth each year, and the chariots are radiantly draped in color. Very strong coconut fiber ropes, 8 inches in diameter, are used by the devotees to pull the chariots along the parade route. The nails, brackets and fixtures are all made locally, and the smiths work for a month on them. The ratha’s main structure (above the wheels) contains eighteen pillars and roofs. Each chariot holds nine parswadevatas (subsidiary deities), two dwarapalas (door keepers), one Sarathi (charioteer) and one presiding deity of the crest banner (dhwaja devata), and all are made of wood.
|Ratha||NANDIGHOSA GARUDADHWAJA KAPILDHWAJA||TALADHWAJA||DARPADALANA PADMADHWAJA|
|Number of wheels||16||14||12|
|Total number of wooden pieces||832||763||593|
|Color of cloth wrappings||Red, Yellow||Red, Blue||Red, Black|
|Names of charioteers||Daruka||Matali||Arjuna|
|The horses||Shankha, Balahaka, Shveta, Haridashva||Tibara, Ghora, Dirghashrama, Swarnanava||Rochika, Mochika, Jita, Aparajita|
|Presiding nine Deities||Varaha, Govardhana, Krushna, Gopi – Krishna, Rama, Narayana,Trivikram, Hanuman and Rudra||Ganesha, Kartikeya, Sarvamangala, Pralambari, Halayudha, Mrutyunjaya, Natamvara, Mukteshwar, Sheshadev||Chandi, Chamunda, Ugratara, Vanadurga, Shulidurga, Varahi, Shyama Kali, Mangala and Vimala|